Does your company have processes and procedures in place to properly backup employee and company data? Does your company have physical and logical controls in place to ensure all company data is in safe keeping? Lastly does your company perform data validation and data restore testing on a regular basis to ensure backups are reliable in case of a disaster event or data loss event? Below we have provided 8 essential steps that will serve as a guide to ensure you have reliable data backups in case you need to restore your business data.
- There needs to be policies in place to ensure all employee data and business data are saved on redundant centralized storage.
- The storage of this data should be in a locked secure location that has access controls and only approved personnel will have access.
- The data on the storage should have a level of encryption in place to ensure that if the drives were stolen one would need to have the correct software and encryption keys to read the data.
- All the data on premise should be backed up with full and incremental backup policies.
- The backup data should be encrypted to safeguard against any form of theft of the data.
- The backup policies should be configured to address specific applications recovery requirements. For instance some applications may need backups daily and some may need backups hourly. The RPO(Recovery Point Objective) and RTO(Recovery Time Objective) should be determined by SLAs(Service Level Agreements). These values can be vetted out by the business and application owners.
- The data that is backed up locally on premise should be replicated offsite as a safeguard against a disaster event(fire, flood, hacking, terrorism).
- Lastly, file level and full system level restores should be tested often to ensure the integrity of the data.
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